Convention on Nuclear Safety
The Convention on Nuclear Safety (CNS) was developed at Germany’s initiative in the 1990s after the Chernobyl nuclear accident and entered into force on 24 October 1996. Germany became a Contracting Party on 20 April 1997; the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom) joined as a supranational organisation on 30 April 2000. To date, 78 countries have acceded to the Convention.
The Convention’s objectives are defined in Article 1:
- to achieve and maintain a high level of nuclear safety worldwide through the enhancement of national measures and international cooperation including, where appropriate, safety-related technical cooperation;
- to establish and maintain effective defences in nuclear installations against potential radiological hazards in order to protect individuals, society and the environment from harmful effects of ionising radiation from such installations;
- to prevent accidents with radiological consequences and to mitigate such consequences should they occur.