The federal and Land authorities perform different functions, reflecting their specific powers, responsibilities and obligations:

FunctionFederationLänder
Regulations
  • Further development of legislation and regulatory instruments
  • Participation on the basis of consolidated findings and needs in connection with implementation
  • Supplementary administrative procedures of the Länder, if required
Licensing
  • Supervision of legality and expediency of action by Länder authorities
  • Checking of consolidated findings with regard to their relevance to standard national requirements
  • Checking of applications and notifications
  • Granting of licences and approvals
System of regulatory inspection and assessment of nuclear installations
  • Supervision of legality and expediency of action by Länder authorities
  • Checking of consolidated findings with regard to their relevance to standard national requirements
  • Controls and inspections in the nuclear facilities, checking and assessment with regard to relevance to the safety of the installation and to protection and prevention measures
Enforcement
  • Supervision of legality and expediency of action by Länder authorities
  • Checking of consolidated findings with regard to their relevance to uniform national requirements
  • Implementation of necessary measures to avert hazards and to make necessary improvements to safety and to protection and prevention measures
Safety research
  • Investigation of safety issues for standard requirements
  • Plant-specific studies
Monitoring of events, operating experience and implementation
  • Examination and assessment of events in Germany and abroad with regard to generic relevance to the safety of the installations and to protection and prevention measures
  • National organisation of experienced-based feedback
  • Examination and assessment of events with regard to relevance to the safety of the installations and to protection and prevention measures
Radiation protection, environmental monitoring
  • Monitoring of the radiation exposure of the general public and the federal territory
  • Plant-specific monitoring of emissions and immissions (radiation exposure of workers and the environment)
Emergency preparedness
  • Preparation and planning of general requirements
  • Cross-national emergency preparedness Participation in international reporting systems
  • Participation in the preparation and planning of general requirements
  • Plant-specific emergency protection
International cooperation
  • Participation in international activities to determine the state of the art in science and technology and in nuclear regulations, and provision of this knowledge for national purposes
  • Fulfilment of international obligations
  • Assertion of German safety interests
  • Consideration of the internationally documented state of the art in science and technology
  • Participation in the cooperation with neighbouring countries in the case of installations close to the border, mainly on the basis of bilateral agreements