One of the most important tasks related to the dismantling of nuclear facilities is dealing with residues and wastes. The term “residue and waste management” encompasses all the measures which aim to achieve safe, effective and resource-efficient handling of the material from nuclear facilities.

Handling residues and wastes

There are several options:

  • If the activity is demonstrably low and radiologically insignificant, clearance may be granted.
  • Prior to clearance or further treatment, the material may be placed in decay storage to reduce its radioactivity.
  • If the material is to be disposed of as radioactive waste, it must be conditioned, stored and subsequently placed in a repository.
  • A small proportion of the material may in some cases be sent to other nuclear facilities for further use.