The decommissioning of nuclear facilities is a challenge which the countries utilising nuclear power will need to address.

After the end of their operational life, nuclear power plants cannot simply be abandoned. Since they still may pose a hazard, they have to be decommissioned and dismantled in order to protect people and the environment.

The term “decommissioning” typically means all the measures taken after the granting of the decommissioning licence until regulatory control is no longer necessary. As a rule, this means that all parts of the buildings have been removed or cleared for reuse and the (original) natural condition as a greenfield site has been restored.